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Learning About Archaeological Surveying

Do you want to learn more about archaeological surveying? It's a fascinating field of study that involves a lot of research and exploration. This blog explores what is involved in archaeological surveying, so read on to learn more.

What is archaeological surveying?

Archaeological surveying is the process of locating, mapping, and recording sites of archaeological interest. This type of surveying requires an understanding of both geography and cultural history, as well as an ability to interpret data from aerial photographs or satellite images. Basically, it involves searching for evidence of human activity from past cultures or civilizations that can be found on the ground. This work often occurs in remote areas with little or no existing infrastructure.

What tools are used during archaeological surveying?

Archaeologists use survey instruments such as theodolites, total stations, magnetometers, and resistivity meters to measure and map features on the surface of the earth. They may also employ aerial photography or remote sensing technology such as Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR)  to detect subtle changes in topography that can indicate buried archaeological features. Once these features have been identified, they are recorded using a variety of methods such as GPS coordinates, paper maps, digital mapping software, 3D models, photographs and video recordings.

How do archaeologists use artifacts to learn about the past?

Archaeological surveying also involves a certain amount of detective work in order to discover clues left behind by ancient cultures that were unaware they were leaving traces behind for future generations to find. For example, archaeologists may look for artifacts such as pottery shards, stone tools, cave paintings, and ancient structures, which can provide valuable insights into how ancient peoples lived their lives and interacted with their environment. By piecing together these tiny clues over time, archaeologists can gain an understanding not only of individual cultures and tribes but of human history as a whole.


Archaeological surveying is an exciting field that allows us to uncover secrets from the distant past while preserving them for future generations to enjoy. It combines elements from many disciplines, including geography, engineering, anthropology, and history, making it one of the most interesting branches of archaeology out there today. Whether you're looking to start a career in archaeology or want to learn more about this fascinating field – now you know what archaeological surveying involves. To take the next step in learning about this subject, contact an archaeological research surveying company.