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Structural Engineering: Three Fundamental Tips for Effective Commercial Design

If you are planning on initiating a commercial construction project, you should think about structural design and engineering. In general, building a commercial structure can be an intricate and challenging process. One must take into account both the functional and aesthetic aspects of the process to ensure that the building is stable, long-lasting, efficient and economical. Here are simple tips to keep in mind for effective structural design and successful construction.

Assess the Site Conditions

You should evaluate the commercial space in which you plan to establish your building. The ground conditions will determine the optimal design for the structure and the potential challenges. Therefore, it is advisable to commission an assessment of the commercial lot. Ideally, an engineer should evaluate the general ground state and determine the ability to support the projected building. If there are unfavourable aspects such as a high water table, it might be necessary to invest in innovative design or choose an alternate site. Where possible, you should also plan for soil testing. This process will evaluate the physical and chemical properties of the soil. The information will be used in determining the best approach for establishing a durable building on the selected site.

Understand Aesthetics

Structural engineering and design should take into account the desired aesthetics for the commercial building. In simple terms, you should not only focus on practical issues like stability, functionality and durability of the structure. You must think about appeal enhancement. For instance, there are certain elements like columns and façades which can be incorporated into the design to promote appeal. These will add visual interest and allow the completed structure to stand out. It is also worthwhile to consider the construction materials. If visual appeal is essential for your commercial building, you can incorporate more beautiful materials or specific elements which can be enhanced through painting, engraving or polishing.

Calculate Structural Load

When designing and constructing a commercial building, you must ensure that the structural load is understood. The structural load will determine the long-term performance and durability of the completed structure. In general, you must ensure that the design allows for the building to support its own weight. This weight is referred to as the dead load which primarily consists of the materials used in establishing walls, floors and roof. Also, a building should be strong enough to handle the live static and dynamic loads which encompass the people and items placed inside. In addition, ensure that the environmental loads such as wind load are taken into account. 

To learn more, reach out to structural engineering consultants near you.